Some people in the nation believe moderate drinking to be healthy owing to findings of previous researches claiming drinking in moderation is healthy for heart. The observations have been corroborated by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) that stressed that moderate drinking may result in alleviating potential risk of heart disorders, ischemic stroke and diabetes.
Heavy drinking, on the other hand, is considered highly dangerous owing to its disastrous effects including alcohol-related deaths of thousands of Americans each year. A group of researchers from the Karolinska Institute in Sweden and the University of Cambridge in UK, in their study titled “Differing association of alcohol consumption with different stroke types: A systematic review and meta-analysis” investigated the link between high levels of alcohol consumption and risk of different kinds of stroke. The study was published online in the journal BMC Medicine in November 2016.
Evaluating association between alcohol and stroke
The scientists noted their observations based on an organized review and meta-analysis of prior researches. They analyzed 25 prospective studies containing details on ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage. These contained data from The Cohort of Swedish Men and the Swedish Mammography Cohort including 18,289 ischemic stroke cases, 2,299 intracerebral hemorrhage cases and 1,164 instances of subarachnoid hemorrhage.
The scientists measured alcohol consumption levels based on information provided by the patients themselves via a questionnaire or an interview. By making use of standardized measures of alcohol, they, then, divided alcohol-drinking habits into four categories:
- Light drinking corresponding to one drink daily or less
- Moderate drinking limited to one or two drinks each day
- High levels of drinking consisting of two to four drinks every day
- Heavy drinking involving drinks exceeding four on a daily basis
The scientists while carrying out the research made the necessary adjustments for variable factors such as age, gender, smoking, body mass index (BMI) and diabetes.
Drinking raised the risk of hemorrhagic stroke
A look at the two kinds of stroke, ischemic and hemorrhagic, revealed that consumption of alcohol, whether light or moderate, had an alleviating impact on ischemic stroke. Drinking however, showed no effects on the potential risk of being afflicted with hemorrhagic stroke. The lead author of the study, Dr. Susanna Larsson, explained, “Previous research has found an association between alcohol consumption and lower levels of fibrinogen – a protein in the body which helps the formation of blood clots. This may explain the association between light to moderate alcohol consumption and lower ischemic stroke risk.”
The results also indicated that “heavy drinkers were about 1.6 times more likely to suffer from intracerebral hemorrhage and 1.8 times more likely to suffer from subarachnoid hemorrhage. The association between heavy alcohol consumption and these two types of stroke was stronger than that for ischemic stroke.” But the study did not pinpoint the exact nature of causal relationship between alcohol consumption and the risk of developing differing natures of stroke.
Getting rid of alcohol addiction
Alcohol addiction is hard to get rid of. Deaths caused by heavy drinking are increasing every year in the nation thus, making it necessary to inform people about its disastrous effects. Though the treatment offered in addiction recovery centers differs in accordance with the nature and extent of addiction, what remains common is the detox therapy to flush out the toxins that may have been accumulated in the body owing to continuous drinking tendencies.
Detox may be natural, medical or medicated depending upon the advice of the physician. As the process is marked by withdrawal symptoms and tendencies to relapse, it is imperative that it is carried out in the presence of a certified medical practitioner. Detox is necessary before any kind of addiction treatment and hence, must not be avoided.
If you or a loved one is battling addiction to any substance, contact Florida Alcohol Addiction Helpline to find details about the facilities in alcohol dependence treatment in Florida. Call us at our 24/7 helpline number 866-220-5381 or chat online with our treatment advisors to know about state-of-the-art rehab centers in Florida.